MAYET D'ECOLE

Le Mayet d'école

Lorsqu'on traverse cette commune, située en bordure de la RD 2009, à mi-chemin entre Moulins et Clermont-Ferrand « les 50 Bornes » et qui occupe l'interfluve compris entre la vallée de la Sioule et la petite vallée de l'Ancoutay, de très belles vues sur la chaîne des volcans et les Monts du Forez s'offrent à nos yeux.

Mayet 1

 

Un peu d'histoire

 

L'origine du nom «mayet» vient du gaulois «magos» signifiant marché. Il accréditerait la position du village face au passage à gué de la Sioule. Escolles, nom d'un hameau proche, qui fut rattaché au XVIIIe siècle à la commune de Brout­-Vemet.

 

L'occupation romaine a laissé des vestiges sur le territoire. Au Moyen Age, les chevaliers de l'ordre de Malte construisirent un château fort, installèrent une commanderie et devinrent seigneurs de cette région. A la Révolu­tion, tous leurs biens furent vendus comme biens nationaux. On peut voir le château de la commanderie qui est situé à l'entrée du village sur la route départementale. Egalement, en bordure de cette route, est implantée la croix des chevaliers de Malte, petit monument qui est classé. Le blason de la commune représente une main bénissant avec l'annulaire et l'auri­culaire rabattus qui rappelle la croix de Malte.

 

C'est au XIXe siècle que Le Mayet prit sa forme actuelle en s'allongeant en vil­lage-rue.

 

La vie passée, la vie présente de ce village

 

Pays de bonnes terres céréalières et vinicoles, Le Mayet-d'Ecole est prospère au siè­cle dernier. On pouvait compter de nombreuses fermes, deux maréchaux-ferrants, deux menuisiers, quatre cafés, un maçon, une minoterie partagée avec Jenzat, un garagiste. La population en 1846 atteignait 800 habitants.

 

En ce début d'année 2008, cette vie rurale s'est bien appauvrie. Il ne reste plus que trois exploitations agricoles, un bar-restaurant, une friterie (restauration rapide), un charpentier et une épicerie qui doit ouvrir prochainement. La minoterie s'est transformée en microcentrale avec production d'électricité en utilisant l'eau de la Sioule «On peut encore entendre les cris d'en­fants dans notre village ! » nous fait-on remarquer. L'école accueille la classe de CM2 du regroupement pédagogique inter­communal d'Escurolles. Le passage d'environ 8 500 véhicules par jour, dont 25 % de poids lourds, perturbe beaucoup la tranquillité de ce bourg

 

Curiosités

L'église Saint Barthélemy, datant du début du XIXe, possède un vitrail représentant Saint Michel. Seuls deux exemplaires ont été recensés en France. Une petite anecdote sur la mairie «elle a déjà changé trois fois d'emplacement » nous dira le maire. «Si vous vous rendiez de Gannat à La Ferté-Hauterive par le train dans les années 40/50, vous pouviez faire un arrêt à la gare du Mayet-d'Ecole. Cette ligne du P.L.M., construite entre 1928 et 1932, point de vue marchandises, servait plus particulièrement au transport du vin de la région de Béziers pour en alimenter la capitale. L’arrêt du trafic voyageur en 1953 et du fret en 2003 a entraîné la fer­meture de cette gare » nous rapporte un ancien cheminot.

 

« Pendant la guerre 39/45, un train blindé français transportant autochenilles, canons et des compagnies de soldats, a stationné pendant une semaine en gare, et nous a beaucoup impressionnés » se souvient un ancien du village. L'émigration rurale due à la proximité des villes, le moindre besoin de main-d'oeuvre dans le village, n'ont cessé de clairsemer la population qui était de 264 Mayétois en 1969 et en augmentation depuis cette date.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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